Back Pain and Passion Part 2

Back Pain and Passion Part 2

Try to turn it around, how about you giving yourself the right or permission to be right rather than wrong. Could you be optimistic rather than pessimistic? Do you see the glass half empty or half full?

Think of being hopeful, rather than fearful. Any negative emotion turn it around to a positive one. If you are upset with your partner or someone close to you ask yourself, «Who am I upset with?»

Remember, when we are down the world seems down and our passion for life is at a low and sends us down a path of not just feeling low but becoming low physically. Posture goes, neck and shoulder tension starts which leads to back pain. When you give yourself compassion you also ignite the passion in your life.

When you have back pain or neck and shoulder pain it can be difficult to stay positive, of course the more severe the pain the less motivated we can be to help put it right. It just all seems too much. This is where our passion has been lost and we need to find it again. We need to have that ‘feel good factor’ again and start by doing something like you like doing, stimulating the senses. Of course keeping the balance in order, we wouldn’t eat a box of chocolates just to feel good because we know the consequences of that.

We want to feel good to enable us to make the next step to keeping us positive and with passion. The more passionate we become the more our goals will be achieved.

How do you start your day and it’s raining outside? Do you say ‘it’s overcast and a bit miserable? Or do you say the grass is getting watered for free and the sun is trying to come out?

A good start to the day would be to say ‘What can I achieve today?’ You see how positive that is? Creating positive outcomes, with positive out talk. What is your out talk like?

Whatever you say, you are sending messages to your brain and your brain will then execute your commands. So be careful what you ask for, you might just get it! What you think you become, so create the thoughts that you want and focus on the outcome. Act as though you have already achieved what you want. Say you can and you can, say you can’t and you’re absolutely right.

Glen Wood — The Yoga Teacher. Glen is a yoga expert who loves to teach you how to lose your neck, shoulder or back pain with yoga.
Dedicated to unlocking the Real Secrets of Back, Neck and Shoulder Pain.

Ju Jitsu Jigoro Kano, Part 2

Ju Jitsu Jigoro Kano, Part 2

The following years saw the Kodokan change its address a number of times as it expanded and sought increasingly larger premises. In 1883 it moved to Kojicho where the dojo had twenty mats,in1886toFujimicho and a forty-mat dojo. It moved again in 1887 to Masago-cho, by which time Jigoro Kano had been sent to make a cultural study tour of Europe by the Japanese government. By 1887, after just five years, the Kodokan already had over 1,500 pupils.

Kano’s judo had developed into much more than just another combat system because of the educational philosophy upon which the founder had based it. Two of the most important maxims of Kodokan judo were jita kyoei and seiryoku zenyo, the former being ‘mutual benefit’ and the latter ‘maximum efficiency in the use of force’. Judo was conceived as a form of charactertraining, something like the way the sport of rugby was used for centuries in the English public school system, but within a much more disciplined and ascetic framework.

In 1895 the Kodokan established the first go-kyo, which consisted of forty-two throws, the bulk of which were techniques derived directly from ju-jitsu complemented by those which Kano and his disciples had evolved, such as uchimata, harai-goshi and hane-goshi. In 1920 the go-kyowas reorganized; eight techniques were removed and six new ones were introduced. Sixty years later in 1985 the Kodokan gave its official recognition to a further seventeen distinct throwing techniques, naming them the shimmeisho-no-waza (new techniques). However knowledge of the go-kyo remains the basis of most judo grading systems throughout the world.

Judo has spread considerably from its humble beginnings in the ten-mat dojo of Eishoji; it is now practiced in over 160 countries by literally millions of people and continues to grow in popularity.

Although there were contests and bouts right from its inception and rules were introduced as early as 1899 abolishing the use of wrist locks, ankle locks, neck locks and leg scissors (such as do-jime) for safety reasons, judo’s evolution into an international sport took some time. Nevertheless from quite early on it was clearly Kano’s intention that this should happen; it was to be an important aspect for the popularization of judo.

A standard for the training suit or judogi was established in 1907, with longer trousers than in the early days, and in 1911 ashi-garami (a leg lock) was banned from competitions although it was still widely practiced. In 1922 Kano was appointed as a senator of the Imperial Court and worked continuously to make judo an international phenomenon.

In 1926 the Kodokan established a woman’s section. Kano came to be deeply involved with the Japanese Olympic Movement and travelled abroad extensively lobbying for the 1940 Olympic Games to be held in Japan, which unfortunately never came to pass because of the Second World War. In 1938 Jigoro Kano died on returning from Cairo on the liner Hikawa-maru after contracting pneumonia. He had worked on behalf of the Japanese Olympic Movement right up until the time of his death. He was aged seventy-nine.

If you enjoyed this article on the history of Jiu Jitsu please go to The MMA Zone to read more.

Children Need a Real Father Part 2

Children Need a Real Father Part 2

On the other hand, those without that love and support from their father are usually searching for love and trying to fill the void left by her so-called father, such that the first male that shows her any kind of attention is usually someone she starts making bad decisions about which ultimately works to her disadvantage. This is the part when the daughter starts searching for love in all the wrong places and gets true love and sex confused. Then not long there-after, she feels the need to have a baby to love, to help with the pain of rejection from her father not being there for her. It happens all the time. Sad but true. This vicious cycle has continued for years and years!

The very simple truth of the matter rest with 2 vital components.

#1 — The fathers being mature enough psychologically to understand the gravity of their responsibility to their children and
#2 — Lastly and certainly most important of all, is to CARE about the decisions being made and considering what is in the best interest of his seed. The CARE-FACTOR will either inspire a real father to do what is required of him as a real man, or to allow the simple sperm donor to wallow in their idiocies and stupidities with no regard for a situation they created, which could have been prevented in the first place if any maturity or responsibility existed at all!

In summation, Mothers have historically been there for sons and daughters through the good, the bad and the ugly! Mothers can raise a child but cannot instill the masculine, manly, testosterone-filled components that a boy needs in the core of his being. Mothers are there and always have been regardless of insurmountable odds. Mothers, we will love you for all eternity for without you, where would this world be? These precious little gifts we call babies didn’t ask to come into this world. They deserve to be loved and nurtured until they have matured and able to thrive on their own. Again, many props with much love and congrats to the true fathers. Those who know what it is to be there and to take care of business in raising your children. For all of you who duck and dodge your kids and parental responsibilities, it’s time to MAN — UP! Your color, misbeliefs, or utterly asinine ideas and opinions don’t exempt you from your duties as a father. Any Damn Fool can make a baby but it takes a Real Father and a Real Man to take care of his children!

If you really want your heart warmed beyond measure and the tears to well-up in your eye’s, my suggestion is that you visit http://www.heavenstreasure.net . Have a listen to the new smash-hit single ‘ Special Delivery ‘! Anyone who is expecting a baby or has children is guaranteed to have their heart melt away immediately! The true impact of this most monumental occasion captured in a melody to last to infinity! This is and forever will be the baby song of the century to be played at every baby-shower, birthing-class, birthday-party, most special events involving children, and at the moments leading up to,during, and through the birth of every baby on this planet from now on! How wonderful is that?

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Unpaid Wages, part 3

Unpaid Wages, part 3

In Parts 1 and 2, I discussed some of the consequences for not paying wages and strongly advised employers to pay their employees in full and on time whenever at all possible.  The trouble is, sometimes it just isn’t possible because the money isn’t there.  In that all-too-common situation, the employer is often «judgment proof.»  In other words, even if the employee wins the lawsuit and gets a judgment, they cannot collect on it because there are no assets to take.  You can’t squeeze blood from a beet. 

Washington’s lawmakers recognized how often employers in unpaid wage cases are judgment proof and, in their attempt to ensure payment of wages, made certain individuals personally liable for unpaid wages.  Under RCW 49.52.070, any «officer, vice principal or agent of any employer» who wrongfully withholds wages shall be personally liable (except when the employee knowingly submits to the withholding, as discussed in Part 2.) In practice, courts have interpreted this to mean those with some control over the payment of wages, especially check-writing authority, are personally liable.  Ellerman v. Centerpoint Prepress, 143 Wn.2d 514 (2000); Durand v. HIMC Corp., 151 Wn.App. 818 (2009).  The Durand court also noted that personal liability in these cases does not turn on piercing the corporate veil, so an employer’s corporate structure does not protect the individuals from personal liability.  Federal law on the issue is similar, though not identical.  It is worth taking a look at this post for a discussion of federal law.

Individuals who have some control over the payment of wages need to be sure those wages are being paid.  Otherwise, they risk personal liability and may end up paying those wages out of their own paychecks.

For more information about wrongful withholding of wages, please consult a Seattle Employment Attorney.

Last updated: September 9, 2010

Disclaimer

This article and information contained herein are intended for information purposes only; they are not intended as legal advice and should not be used as such. Any use of material contained herein is at your own risk. Your use of and access to this article do not create any attorney-client relationship between you and Rebecca E. Ary. You should consult an attorney in your state or jurisdiction who can provide advice appropriate to your particular situation. Rebecca E. Ary is licensed to practice only in Washington. The Law Office of Rebecca E. Ary may be reached at 1037 NE 65th St. #161, Seattle, WA 98115.

For Rebecca E. Ary, employment law is a high-stakes, highly personal area of law that holds the power to turn the fortunes of both individuals and businesses. The sense of betrayal, anger, powerlessness and loss of trust associated with failed employee/employer relationships can overwhelm even the most level-headed and seasoned professionals. Which is why hiring a skilled professional like Ms. Ary is so critically important. With a deep desire to help her clients and in-depth knowledge of employment law, Ms. Ary practices her craft with exceptional skill and attention to detail.  She takes a balanced, analytical, strategic approach that allows the strength and fairness of the law to prevail.  Ms. Ary’s talent for listening and her ability to develop a persuasive and creative strategy positions her clients for more positive outcomes. A skilled negotiator and litigator, Ms. Ary is well-respected by her peers and known throughout the legal community as a powerful advocate for her clients.

Ms. Ary received her Juris Doctorate degree from University of Washington School of Law and her Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy from University of California, San Diego.  She was recently included in Super Lawyers 2010 – Rising Stars Edition, a national professional lawyer’s listing that recognizes a small percentage of all Washington state lawyers and identifies outstanding individuals who have attained a high degree of peer recognition and professional achievement in their field. Ms. Ary is a member of the Washington State Bar Association, the King County Bar Association, the Washington Employment Lawyers Association and American Mensa.

In her free time, Rebecca has served as a volunteer for NAMI (The National Alliance on Mental Illness), and Literacy Source, an organization dedicated to helping adults learn to read.  She is an avid reader who also enjoys hiking, and spending quality time with Elaine, her cat.

Songwriting — Part 3

Songwriting — Part 3

In previous articles about songwriting techniques for guitarists, I addressed several approaches to beginning the songwriting structure, focusing primarily on starting with chords and melody. In this section of the songwriting series I’ll go into greater detail about other processes that I briefly mentioned in past articles.

If you are familiar with previous articles I wrote on this topic, you have probably figured out that these articles on songwriting are on a more advanced level than is typical of songwriting articles or most books. If the content you read below is deeper than you are ready to understand right now, don’t give up on it! Instead, find a great guitar (and music composition) teacher who can help you to understand and master applying these concepts in your guitar playing and songwriting.

If you do understand this material already, great! Begin applying these ideas right away in your music.

Begin with Rhythm first

Combinations

Combine 2 or more completely different rhythmic ideas into a single idea. Take two of your favorite rhythmic patterns and combine them into a single idea.

Augment Rhythmic Values

Create a short rhythmic pattern one measure in length. Write it down on paper. Now increase the value of each rhythmic event (note or rest). Here is an example. Let’s say you have this pattern: One quarter note, two 8th notes, another quarter note, then four 16th notes. Now «augment» all of these rhythmic notes by doubling their length.

Change all quarter notes to a half notes.
Change all 8th notes to quarter notes.
Change all 16th notes to eighth notes.

The example above now gives you a rhythmic pattern that is slower and twice as long but using the same number of events and the exact same pattern (just slower now).

Diminish Rhythmic Values

This is the same concept as augmenting rhythmic values except now you do the opposite. Shorten each rhythmic event, the result is the same pattern but in shorter (faster) rhythmic values. Using the above example, you would now:

Change all quarter notes to 8th note.
Change all 8th notes to 16th notes.
Change all 16th notes to 32nd notes.

Yep, it’s cool. The examples above are pretty basic, because I told you to either double the length (in the augment section) or cut in half (in the diminish section) above. But there are cooler combinations such as adding a dot after each note or change to triplets, these also can be done with augmentation or diminution.

Destructive Rhythmic Creation

I wrote an article called Creativity and [removed]in 2 parts). In Songwriting Techniques — part 1, I wrote about a concept called «Destructive Creation» Which I personally find to be a fascinating subject. I purposely did not give any examples of this process in that article so people would ponder the concept and may think of original ways in which to use the Destructive Creation. This concept has been extremely helpful to me when writing some of the very progressive rhythmic ideas on my HESS ~ Opus 2 CD. I strongly recommend to read that article before reading any further. Here is the link, Musical Creativity And Self — Expression For Guitarists- Part 1

Here is an example of Destructive Creation. Do this: Get a pencil, eraser and a sheet of paper. Write down thirty-two 16th notes. (in 4/4 time this will be 2 measures of steady 16th notes). Now randomly erase 7 (or 11 or 14 or any other number) 16th notes. Now play the resulting new rhythm on your instrument (you can also do this on a drum machine, computer, etc. If you don’t like the results, try erasing more or less notes or change the order of the notes.

Once you have a new rhythmic idea that seems to have potential, apply the other ideas on rhythm already discussed to this rhythm. Augment the rhythmic values, diminish it, play it in retrograde (play it backwards) or do some combination of these ideas, the possibilities are endless. If none of these ideas seem to be helping you, it might be because you have not yet written an interesting melody for these rhythms. So begin composing new melodies, or chord progressions, or riffs, etc. for these new rhythmic ideas. Then they will begin to come to life.

Tom Hess is a professional touring guitarist and recording artist. He teaches guitar players around the world via online guitar lessons, Visit http://www.tomhess.net to get free guitar playing tips, assessments, surveys, mini courses, and to get more guitar playing articles.

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Ghostwriting 101 — Part 2

Ghostwriting 101 — Part 2

In ghostwriting 101 Part 1 we learned a few of the basics about what ghostwriting is. In this article we will learn a little bit more about the process and business side of ghostwriting. It is a legitimate profession like any other — therefore there are procedures that you will typically encounter when working with a ghostwriter.

Does a ghostwriter require a contract?
They most certainly do if they are a true professional. If you are not offered a contract, run for the hills. As with any business there are standard business operations that are considered good business practices. A contract is the road map for the client and ghostwriter to follow. It lays out how they will work together, when drafts are due, how payment will be made, and much more. It should also include a confidentiality statement clearly outlining who receives the rights to the written work after it is completed.

How much will a ghostwriter charge?
That depends on the scope of your project. Most ghostwriters charge a flat fee as opposed to an hourly one. You will see fees ranging from as low as $ 1,500 to as high as $ 100,000. The higher fees are usually for clients such as celebrities or politicians. If you need a ghostwriter for a 50 page eBook, you may want to shop around. There are some good ghostwriters who charge common man fees, and produce excellent work.

What does the ghostwriter need from me?
It is helpful if you can give the ghostwriter any notes or research that you have, but not necessary. Most ghostwriters are used to doing research for projects, and will not find it strange if you don’t have a lot to offer. If you don’t have a lot to offer, the ghostwriter will most likely set up a series of interviews with you in order to get an understanding of the goal of your project. Also, depending on what you are having ghostwritten, they will need to speak with you in order to get a feel for your «voice». Be prepared to work closely with the ghostwriter to make sure the project is a success.

Will the ghostwriter help me publish and market my book?
Some ghostwriters offer this option as a part of their services, and some do not. Be sure to inquire about this early in the process so there are no surprises once your project is complete. You may find the ghostwriter can point you in the right direction to resources you can use for your marketing and publishing needs.

Now that you know more about ghostwriters and the process you will be better prepared when you seek one out. When you hire a ghostwriter go in with the mindset it is a professional service. Be prepared to collaborate. The more you know about the process the smoother it will be. View ghostwriting as your vehicle to becoming a published author.

Pamela DeBato-Cancel is a freelance writer, ghostwriter, and owner of Uncommon Scribe. She specializes in helping accomplished professionals and small business owners build their credibility and expert status by becoming published authors. Visit http://uncommonscribe.com for more information and to sign up for the free eCourse Is Your Grammar Talking Behind Your Back? Top 5 Grammar Mistakes and How to Fix Them. Pamela may be contacted at pamela@uncommonscribe.com.

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Color of Life ?Part 2

Color of Life ?Part 2

Photos are considered as a tool to reflect the beauty and motion of daily life. Therefore, professional photographers try to create good and sharp pictures about human, every feeling of individuals like sadness or happiness and various color of life. Let’s have a look at the collection of the best pictures:

 

One should absorb the color of life

 

Falling up

 

Naive

 

World Environment Day

 

A woman portrait

 

 

I am an internet marketer and freelance photographer. I maintain various sites and blogs with a large audience. My hobby is collecting photographs of celebrities and writing comments on outstanding events in the field of entertainment.

Graphic Design Basics: Part 2

Graphic Design Basics: Part 2

Author: James Campbell

Article Source: MiNeeds.com, where consumers get competitive bids from Graphic Designers. Read reviews, compare offers & save. It’s free!

Article Link: http://www.mineeds.com/San-Jose/create08/Articles/Graphic-Design-Basics-Part-2

Tags: Graphic Design: Journalism Field , Graphic Design: Entertainment Field , Graphic Design: Education Field , Fashion Logo Design , Corporate Logo Design/Company Logo Design/Business Logo Designer , Church Logo Design , Christian Graphic Design , Business Cards , Logo Design/Logo Designer/Custom Logo Design , Medical Graphic Designers , Photography Design , Print Design


Welcome to the second article on Graphic Design Basics. We hope to help the beginner, novice, and some professionals, in the area of Graphic Design.

A Brief Technical History of Graphics

Invention of Paper


Printing with carved wooden blocks on rice paper first appeared in China during the 7th Century Tang dynasty, as a means to inscribe thousands of sheets of paper with a memoir of the revered Empress. The sheets of paper were placed on hilltops and in shrines all over China, so her name would never be forgotten.

Woodcut


The oldest known technique for repetitive printing is woodcut, or woodblock printing. It was invented as a method for printing on cloth in China. This had reached Europe via the Byzantine or Islamic worlds before 1300, for printing patterns on textiles.

Movable Type


Movable and reusable type was first invented in China around 1045. This type allowed a printer to arrange words for printing a subject matter, then reusing the same type again for a new and completely different subject matter.

Printing Press


During the 15th century in Germany, Gutenberg enhanced the Chinese idea of moveable type, and invented the printing press.

Engraving


Engraving on metal became popular between 1450–1460. Engravers used a hardened steel tool called a burin to cut designs into the surface of a metal plate. The metal plate was then inked, then wiped, leaving only the ink in the engraved lines for printing.

Etching


The use of the Etching process as applied to printmaking was invented by Daniel Hopfer of Germany around 1500. In the etching process, the artist «scratches» his design on a wax covered metal plate. The plate is then exposed to acid which eats at the exposed surface of the metal, leaving a behind lines sunk into the plate. The metal plate is then cleaned, inked, then wiped, leaving only the ink in the etched lines for printing.

Drawing Board/Table


A smooth, flat surface that is perfectly «square» used for precision drawing and drafting. At least one edge, usually the left, is perfectly square for accommodating a T-square for precise right angle drawing.

T-Square


A technical drawing instrument in the shape of a «T,» primarily used as a guide for drawing horizontal lines on a drafting table.

Set Squares


A triangular piece of plastic with the center removed. The outer edges are typically bevelled for inking. Set squares usually come in two types; one with 90-45-45 degree angles, the other with 30-60-90 degree angles. Placed against the T-square, the triangle allows the artist or draftsman to draw perfect straight line at the desired angle.

French Curve


A French curve is a plastic template made to achieve many different curves, and is used to draw smooth curves of various shapes and sizes by an artist or draftsman.

Ruling Pen


A ruling pen is an antiquated tool for drawing with ink. It was used to draw precise lines from thin to thick.

Rapidograph Pen


By 1953 the Rotring Rapidograph became the established technical pen for rendering lines by graphic artists, designers and draftsman. It replaced the ruling pen and made technical drawing easier to achieve.

Desktop Publishing


Desktop publishing and the use of computer aided design has virtually rendered all of the above mentioned tools and processes extinct, with maybe paper and the printing press being the lone survivors. However, with the increasing use of online communication, digital storage and retrieval, paper and the printed word is struggling to keep pace with the virtual world.

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Graphic Design Basics: Part 2

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Common Objections Part 3

Common Objections Part 3

How many of you have come across the same objections over and over again? I’m sure many of you with network and small businesses have. This article is for those of you that need a little assistance in what to tell your customer when they do come up with an objections. Sometimes even tackling the objection before your client asks can help too, but be careful you aren’t «planting» something in their head that they weren’t even thinking about in the first place! Whatever you do, make sure you acknowledge your customer by saying that you understand their concern, or qualify the question further by having them tell you more . . . Tell me more about that, or what do you mean by that is a perfect way to get them to expand. Honestly, objections really just tell you that the client needs more information, so don’t let the questions scare you, it’s a good thing . . . It means they are interested!

Some of my answers may be more geared around high-ticket networking companies and/or travel since that is what I’m familiar with most with my affiliate business. I assist many small business owners and other network marketers reach heights in their business that they never thought possible. If you are able to utilize just one tip and it assists in your success to True Wealth, then we’ve done our job!

Obj: How much money have you made

A: Well, I’m fairly new however my business mentor (which could be your sponsor, teammate, the owner of the company or one of your business coaches) made X amount of dollars within X amount of time. Many of my business associates are 6 and 7 figure income earners, you’ll get to meet them at our LIVE webinar (or Team Meeting, whatever your company has.) You can also say, «Well, I’m new but I expect to make $ X this month (BE HONEST!) and my Trainer makes X dollar amount.

Cha-Ching Note: People respect your honesty! Use other people’s stories and testimonies within your company. This is tough when you are first starting out because you THINK you don’t want anyone to know that you are a «newbie». I have to say that was one of my biggest mistakes as a network marketer when I first started. USE your trainers as much as possible, that is what they are there for, to help while you are learning. I’m a little stubborn so that was hard for me at first. I can give you some ideas to make your first days (and veteran days!) go a heck of a lot smoother! I wish I would have had some of these things in place way back when!

Obj: This sounds too good to be true.

A: Well, Mr. Prospect, I completely understand. I felt the same way when I started looking into my new business, however once I really started checking out all of the information and did my due diligence by attending the business review and listening to other testimonies and reading the business report and other PR write ups on individuals within and the founders of the company, then I knew it was the right fit for me and this truly was an amazing opportunity that I couldn’t let go by. But, no one can tell you this, you have to check it out and decide for yourself.
Now with my networking company I would also say we earn incredible commissions ranging from $ 750 to $ 7500 per transaction and the reason we are able to do this is because our business membership is higher end therefore they are able to work in more commissions to give back to those that are fueling the company. It’s a win-win for everyone!

Obj: This sounds wonderful, but I know my spouse will be skeptical.

A: I completely understand. I wouldn’t want you going into a major business decision without him/her feeling comfortable as well, however I want to make sure this is something that you truly are interested in first, are you? (They already told you they were!!!) Great! Send your spouse through the same exact process that I just took you through (checking out your company, testimonies, etc) and then if he still has questions, I’d be happy to assist in answering any questions that he has.

Some people are hard core with this question and they say something similar to, «Do you run everything by your spouse?» I would never in a million years say this to someone, I’d be totally offended because I do have the type of relationship that when it comes to something major we discuss it together and make a decision on if it’s mutually beneficial. Now I’m pretty stubborn, so I usually get my way anyhow, which honestly if someone wants something bad enough they will too. You just need to make sure you have the best product, the best training, you’ve found out what their needs are and you’ve shown them that you are here to fulfill those needs.

Cha-Ching Note: Remember you will lose people to spouses and the chitter-chatter that surrounds us everyday. I call these people the dream stealers — man they bug me! There are so many times I see people back down from what they truly want because they listen to chitter-chatter from other people who know nothing of what they are blabbering. In this case you want to have as many referrals and soon-to-be customers coming as possible. To help in this area call me or check out some of my training I utilize within our company, The Trip Chic, LLC.

If you enjoyed this article, we’d love your comments. You may also sign up for free tips on network and small business marketing newsletter «It’s all about YOU!» just write newsletter in the comment box. We also coach solo-entrepreneurs and network marketers on how to achieve balance within your business and life, and achieve incredible new heights. Don’t have a business, but would like a turnkey set up, be in control of your future, make incredible money, have time to get back to the simple things in life and travel for wholesale? Start your own Platinum One Destinations business with Debra Larson you may contact us at The Trip Chic, 800-250-7981or tripchic@verizon.net please check us out first at http://www.TheTripChic.com

Hydro Siting Part 2

Hydro Siting Part 2
Hydro Siting part 2

At most sites, what is called run of river is the best mode of operation. This means that power is produced at a constant rate according to the amount of water available. Usually the power is generated as electricity and stored in batteries and can be tied to an existing PV or other system. The power can take other forms: shaft power for a saw, pump, grinder, etc. Both head and flow are necessary to produce power.

The pipe then becomes a convenient measure of horizontal run if you use a standard length like 100 feet. If you are working with a brook longer than your length of pipe, then simply carry the pipe to the next section to measure and repeat the procedure as required, starting where you ended before.

It is probably best to «map» more of the brook than you intend to use. This will give you a good overall idea of your site and may reveal some surprises.

Measuring flow is a little more difficult. This should probably be done in more than one place too. This is because most streams pick up water as they go.
Therefore choosing the best spot for your system requires careful consideration of several things.

There are several ways to measure flow; here are two. In both cases, the brook water must all pass through either a pipe or a weir. The weir system uses an opening that the water flows through and measuring the depth of water gives the flow.

The first involves a technique very similar to the head measuring technique. You must divert all of the water into a short length of pipe.

This will usually require the use of a dam in order to pack dirt around the intake end. Pipe size may be from 1″ to 6″ depending on the flow rate. Once that is done the water is directed into a bucket or other container of known volume. The time required to fill it is then noted and this is converted into GPM.

The weir technique is more involved so if the pipe plan works—fine. This consists of setting a bulkhead in the stream with an opening cut in it. The water level is measured as it flows over and with the aid of charts the flow is determined.

Many materials can be used for the weir but sheet metal is the easiest to make since the thickness is slight. Wood requires a beveled edge for accuracy. A stake is driven into the stream bed a foot or so upstream of the weir and level with the bottom of the notch. This is the point the depth of water is measured since the level drops somewhat at the weir opening. Water flow should be measured several times during the year.

1 to 4 feet between depth ruler & weir Stake holding rulerWater height above Weir.

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